Social Support and Community Integration in Users of Brazil's Basic Social Protection Policy

  • Adolfo Pizzinato Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  • Damião Soares de Almeida Segundo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  • Esequiel Pagnussat Universidade Potiguar, Brasil
  • João Luis Almeida Weber Faculdades da Serra Gaúcha, Brasil
  • Katia Bones Rocha Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Palabras clave: social support, community integration, social care policies, Brazil

Resumen

This study aimed to verify how community participation, family support, and sociodemographic variables relate to community integration. Participants were 201 individuals from the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, residing in the cities of Porto Alegre and Esteio, who benefited from a basic social protection program, PAIF (Proteção e Atendimento Integral à Família). The non-probability sample was mainly composed of low socioeconomic status women with a low educational level who were beneficiaries of social financial support programs. The research protocol comprised the Inventory of Family Support Perception, the Questionnaire of Community Social Support, and questions about sociodemographic characteristics. Correlation of PAIF participation duration with community integration was weak (r = 0.145, p < 0.05). A linear regression model showed that age (β = 0.323, p < 0.001), the monetary value of the benefit (β = 0.224, p = 0.002), and community participation (β = 0.234, p = 0.002) were predictors, accounting for 30.5% of the variance of community integration. Results indicate that, as people age in the community, they increase their integration. The amounts received by each family probably affect community integration because they expand access to community spaces and public services. Individuals with greater community support tools felt more welcome in the community network. Additional studies are needed to provide evidence for the effectiveness of social integration and health promotion interventions.

Biografía del autor/a

Adolfo Pizzinato, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

Doctor en Psicología (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona). Profesor del Instituto de Psicología - Posgrado en Psicología - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Publicado
2021-05-25
Cómo citar
Pizzinato, A., Soares de Almeida Segundo, D., Pagnussat, E., Almeida Weber, J. L., & Bones Rocha, K. (2021). Social Support and Community Integration in Users of Brazil’s Basic Social Protection Policy. Psykhe, 30(1). https://doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.2019.22307
Sección
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