Time-cost optimization using harmony search algorithm in construction projects


  • Mohammad Lemar Zalmai
  • Cemil Akcay
  • Ekrem Manisali




Construction sector, CPM (Critical Path Method), Multi-objective optimization, Harmony search method, Time-cost trade-off


In construction projects, the relationship between project cost and duration, which is one of the main factors of the project, are considered the parameters decision-makers. When a construction schedule is planned by the planners, additional resources are allocated to shorten the project duration considering the completion time and cost of the activities so that the most suitable construction schedule is prepared by providing a trade-off between project duration and total cost. In the case of time-cost trade-off problems, the total cost of the project is determined by summing each activities’ cost by adding indirect costs. Moreover, total project duration is determined by obtaining total project duration after CPM (Critical Path Method) calculations. Obtaining optimum duration and costs is such a problematic issue with using conventional methods and common software packages. These techniques consider deterministic project values and include CPM calculations for fitness value calculation. Moreover, current studies defined alternatives as non-variable discrete values. However, construction projects are dynamic processes, and quantities are prone to be changed related to project size. In this study, time-cost trade-off optimization is performed by using harmony search method with introducing different implementation that can be more easily used for different projects. The model is implemented in a real construction project, and the conclusions are interpreted.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Lemar Zalmai

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Department of Civil Engineering Istanbul, 34320 (Turkey) lemar_zalmai07@hotmail.com

Cemil Akcay

Istanbul University, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul, 34116 (Turkey) cakcay@istanbul.edu.tr

Ekrem Manisali

Nisantasi University, Department of Civil Engineering Istanbul, 34398 (Turkey) ekmanisa@istanbul.edu.tr




How to Cite

Zalmai, M. L., Akcay, C., & Manisali, E. (2019). Time-cost optimization using harmony search algorithm in construction projects. Revista De La Construcción. Journal of Construction, 18(2), 226–237. https://doi.org/10.7764/RDLC.18.2.226